African Americans in the 1930s
In the 1930s African Americans were still not receiving equal rights. It was hard for all people to find jobs, but it was especially difficult for African Americans. All public and private places were segregated, including schools, libraries, parks, and even water fountains. Groups like the Ku Klux Klan, or KKK, aimed at white supremacy and would insult, beat, or even kill African Americans. The South was in an especially bad state because their economy had always depended on slave labor, and without it, their farms suffered.
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Women in the 1930s
Women had always been perceived as housewives, with their jobs being child and house care. The 24% that did have actual jobs were limited to school teachers, maids, and factory workers. Women were discouraged from taking jobs during this rough economic time because people thought they were taking the men's opportunities at a job. Domestic violence had a dramatic rise because more men were home with their wives, and would get aggravated. Women were officially told that domestic violence was the result of "men's depression and women's lack of sympathy" and to go home and "make their men feel like men".


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African Americans and Women during the 1930s Study Guide

African Americans during the 1930s
1.) What percent of women were employed during the 1930s?
around 24%

2.) How were women viewed?
They were viewed as housewives that would stay at home while their husbands would go out and work.

3.) For the women who did have jobs, where did most of them work?
Some worked at factories or teachers at school.

4.) What were the jobs African American women could do?
Clerks, domestic servants, and textile workers. Most jobs were very similar to what they needed to do as slaves.

5.) Why was it discouraged for women to have jobs?
It was thought that if women worked, they were taking jobs away from men.

6.) Why did this become even more of a problem during the 30s?
More and more men were out of jobs.

7.) What effects did women getting jobs have?
It got them more respect at home and in general. Gained more of a voice.

8.) How did the end of slavery effect the South?
South had always depended on slavery to run their plantations. Slavery was a life style. The plantations lost a lot of money and the depression made it even worse.

9.) How were African Americans effected by the depression?
They suffered from extreme hunger. Many couldn’t find jobs and those that did, did not earn enough money to feed themselves.

10.) What were the different views that whites had on discrimination?
One group believed that any ‘lesser race’ should be discriminated against. Another group thought that African Americans should have equal legal rights but not equal political rights. The remaining white people thought every race and gender should be treated equally.


11.) What were the views of African Americans during this time?
Some were content with the current level of discrimination but most wanted to achieve equality. Some wanted to achieve it peacefully and others were violent.


12.) When African Americans began to gain more freedom and rights, what did some white people do?
They tried to show African Americans ‘where they stood’. Through name-calling and violence.

13.) What were are some examples of the actions that white people did to African Americans, because of their disliking to them?
There were shootings, name-calling, beatings, and lynchings.

14.) What is the K.K.K.
Ku Klux Klan. It is a group of white people whose purpose is to discriminate against all other races and achieve white supremacy.

15.) Why is it important to know about discrimination during the 1930s?
It’s important to learn from the mistakes made in the past. Inequality was once thought of as ‘ok’. Women and African Americans had to suffer through so much pain and sadness to finally achieve equality. It’s important that we recognize their struggle.`




WORK CITED

http://school.discoveryeducation.com/schooladventures/womenofthecentury/decadebydecade/1930s.html

http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/snprelief1.htm

http://mgagnon.myweb.uga.edu/students/3090/04SP3090-Briggs.htm

http://www.library.csi.cuny.edu/dept/history/lavender/286/14_files/v3_document.htm

http://www.lornebair.com/pages/books/14429/women-great-depression-lorine-pruette/women-workers-through-the-great-depression

http://www.slideshare.net/misshuerta/stereotypic-male-and-female-in-1930s